Lots of these areas overlap — both are great for shooting people, for example — but there are advantages and disadvantages to both. 35mm Film / Full Frame vs APS-C / Crop Sensor Comparison As a result of introducing this new format, manufacturers had to find a way to explain that the smaller format does impact a few things. In order for the depth of field to be roughly as shallow in this situation, you need to increase (open) the aperture by the crop factor. But what's this business of wider angles? I was actually deciding between a Canon 24mm f/1.4L and a 35mm f/1.4L. The same image projected from any lens onto a DX sensor, as compared to an FX sensor, will be magnified due to the sensor only capturing a centre portion of the image. And a 50mm lens on the crop sensor will behave like a 80mm lens on a full frame camera. It’s also a really great lens equivalent of 50mm on a crop sensor, but you can save even more money buying a DX 35mm lens for crop bodies. November 20, 2020. So a 50mm (DX or FX) lens will always project a different image than a 35mm (DX or FX). In turn, this decreases the depth of field, which mean… Another thing to consider when choosing between the 35mm and 50mm focal lengths is crop factor. ... What’s the difference between full frame vs crop sensor cameras? On top of that, a wide aperture helps in low light situations. On an APS-C sensor a 50mm crops to 75mm or 80mm depending on the camera and a 35mm crops to a 50mm or 56mm. It has the field of view of an 85mm but not the compression, and it's not typically wide enough to do full body shots or get a "normal" field of view. Hopefully by the end of this article, you’ll know which lens — or lenses — will best suit your photography. Third, a crop sensor has a crop of 1.6x (Canon) or 1.5x (Nikon). A crop sensor refers to any sensor smaller than a full frame sensor or a 35mm film frame. What if I have a crop frame camera? A 50mm lens on a crop sensor is not the same as a 75mm lens on FF because the lens optics of those two focal lengths are different. If you’re on holiday and want to capture the full breadth of a mountaintop vista, a 50mm lens will feel a bit claustrophobic. If you do have a cropped sensor camera, you also need to know that a 50mm lens on a cropped sensor camera doesn’t actually act like a 50mm lens. Re: Nikon 35mm vs 50mm (crop sensor) In reply to AlbertTheLazy • Mar 25, 2016 Technically the 50mm is a "better" lens: less distortion at wide aperture. However, one of the advantages of 35mm lenses is that they have a natural feel to their width as they don’t introduce much distortion. Another thing to consider when choosing between the 35mm and 50mm focal lengths is crop factor. However, on a crop sensor the actual focal length for a 50mm is 80mm (Canon) or 75mm (Nikon). With my 1.6 crop sensor body, I wanted to achieve a 35mm look so I opted for the 24mm f/1.4L. IMHO the 50mm focal length is a bit awkward on a crop sensor. A 35mm lens made for crop sensor is wider than a 35mm lens made for full frame – FALSE! I'm purchasing a Nikon D3300 as my first DSLR after hearing many great reviews and doing lots of research on my needs. These people are used to "full frame" 35mm as a reference point. 25mm vs 35mm. The take away is that the exposure is the same regardless of sensor size. Hopefully, you should know whether you need the width of the 35mm or the cinematic feel offered by the 50mm lens; otherwise, you might just have to stretch to owning one of each! Full frame vs crop sensor is a deciding factor when buying new gear. For a crop sensor camera, you would need a 24mm lens to equal ~35mm and a 35 to equal ~50mm then you would have to watch for distortion, especially on the 24mm. More flexibility; Advantages of a 50mm Lens. I currently have a sigma 17-50mm 2.8 lens and a Nikon 70-300mm telephoto lens For these people super35 is a crop, and so the field of vision a 50mm lens provides on a super35 sensor is narrower than they are accustomed to. The more I use a crop sensor, the more I can kind of "get passed" the FOV. Instead of 16mm-24mm, 50mm and 70mm-200mm lenses, you can find 11mm-16mm, 35mm and 50mm-135mm lenses to cover the same focal length. For many, 50mm relates very closely with how we see the world, both in terms of our ability to filter out what’s in our peripheral vision and in how we understand perspective. I shoot street and portrait, so 50mm and 85mm are my preferred lengths on both. Suddenly, that 35 mm lens is now closer to 60 mm, and the 50 mm becomes an 80 mm. 14 Comments. — the 35mm lens will almost certainly be a better bet. Third, a crop sensor has a crop of 1.6x (Canon) or 1.5x (Nikon). Crop vs Full Frame. Hey guys I have a Nikon camera it's a crop sensor I already own a 50mm so between a 25mm or a 35mm which would be better for all around use? Crop sensor refers to any sensor smaller than the 35mm film frame. Remember, the actual focal length of the lens is unchanged, as is its aperture. One of the biggest differences between the 85mm lens and the 50mm lens is the distance that you’ll need to stand from your subject. IMHO the 50mm focal length is a bit awkward on a crop sensor. If you’re still pondering which of the two focal lengths is going to best suit your photography, you might want to dig through your existing photographs and see what you’ve been shooting most. That is, to get the same depth of field as 50mm f/2.8, on APS-C you need (approximately) 35mm f/1.8. A cropped sensor will add 1.6x to your lens’ focal length. Full frame vs crop sensor is a deciding factor when buying new gear. IMO, on a crop camera a 24mm or 28mm can serve nicely as a slightly wide "normal". Caption: This crop sensor camera has a 23mm lens, equivalent to a 35mm field of view. And if you like this style of video, visit Trotti’s YouTube channel for more useful comparisons like 35mm vs 50mm for travel photography or 50mm vs 85mm for portraits. My 50mm lens has more in common with a 50mm lens, than a 75mm lens, and my 28mm lens has more in common with a 28mm lens than it does with a 45mm lens. Firstly a definition of APS-C: Advanced Photo System type-C (APS–C) is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the Advanced Photo System film negative in its C(“Classic”) format, of 25.1×16.7 mm, an aspect ratio of 3:2.And 35mm: The 35 mm format, or simply 35 mm, is the common name for the 36×24 mm film format or image sensor … My Nikon D90 has a 1.5x “crop” sensor. When I bought my first prime lens, I was shooting with a Canon 7D as my primary body. The factor relating the 50mm focal length of the normal full frame lens and the 31.3mm of the equivalent normal APS-C lens is often called the \"crop factor\", sometimes the \"digital multiplier\". Which lens? For these people super35 is a crop, and so the field of vision a 50mm lens provides on a super35 sensor is narrower than they are accustomed to. In other words, a 57mm focal length on a 1.5x crop sensor, should provide the same perspective and framing as an 85mm focal length on a full-frame sensor if shot from the same distance. Crop Sensor Portrait Shootout 24m Vs 35mm 50mm 85mm 135mm She captures full-body shots, followed by half-body shots, followed by headshots as both field of view comparisons and by matching the framing. The 50mm might be too long in many circumstances. With the 85mm lens, the minimum focusing distance is 2.8 ft, and with the 50mm lens, the minimum focusing distance is 1.15 ft. When considering the 35mm vs 50mm, here are some advantages of the former: While a 50mm prime lens will give you a field of view of just under 40 degrees, the 35mm prime lens gives you 54.4 degrees — significantly wider. It's expensive though. If you wanted the best possible lens with lots of flexibility, perhaps the 24-70 f2.8. The common types of crop sensor include APS-C and micro 4/3 systems. On a crop sensor camera like the D3200, the 35mm f1.8 would give you the equivalent of 50mm field of view on a full-frame camera. You are filtering out what’s not in your frame, making more decisions about what to include, and also having much greater control over which aspects of the image will be in focus. If you want to make people look like Hollywood heroes, a 50mm lens and a wide aperture is the best place to start. As a photographer progresses in their craft and changes gear, they can absolutely apply the crop factor to their camera settings in order to achieve a similar look.. If you have small children but also want to try your hand at more considered portraits, you may well need both the 35mm lens and the 50mm lens. Suddenly, that 35 mm lens is now closer to 60 mm, and the 50 mm becomes an 80 mm. Compared to ten years ago, you’ll be hard pushed to make a poor choice according to your budget, but these are our recommendations. I hope that after reading this article you can see why these misconceptions about sensor size are all incorrect. 50mm gives you a narrower frame to really bring your subject into your photograph. Crop Sensor Portrait Shootout: 24m vs 35mm vs 50mm vs 85mm vs 135mm. There are wider angle prime lenses than the 35mm, and you’ll find plenty of options from 28mm, 24mm, all the way down to fish-eye. Full frame vs crop sensor full frame vs crop sensor full frame vs crop sensor full frame look with a crop sensor. If you’re looking at the equivalent of a 50mm prime lens for your APS-C camera, you’ll need to choose something that’s closer to 35mm. When comparing the different focal lengths … Both the 35mm and 50mm are classic lengths, offering great versatility. The wider the lens, the greater the depth of field, and the more of your image is going to be in focus. You could argue that while 35mm primes are for reacting, 50mm primes are for crafting. If you happen to have small, unpredictable, fast-moving subjects — small children being an excellent example! 35mm vs 50mm on Crop Sensor Cameras. Don't get me wrong, I've taken some of my best pics with it, but I'm looking to ditch it for a 24-30mm prime and an 85 eventually. Plenty of people have done comparisons like this using full-frame cameras and, in fact, Trotti did that comparison first. Interestingly, there has been a move back towards full frame cameras recently. by Andy Day. Posted by 2 hours ago. Lightroom gives you the option to filter your entire catalogue according to the focal length at which each image was shot, so that might be one place to start. The Epson R-D1 is an APS-C (1.5x crop) sensor camera and is actually the first digital rangefinder, which makes it also the first mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. You can get the 35mm 1.8g dx and 50mm 1.8g both for around 200. For this reason, if you’re pondering the equivalent of a 35mm prime lens for your system, you’ll need to choose something that’s closer to 23mm or 24mm. Then lock it off at 50mm (or the APS-C equivalent of 35mm) and see how that goes. In short, you’ll simply fit more of the world into each photograph, making it generally a better choice for landscapes, architecture, travel photography, and groups of people. This focal length is also ideal for group shots and is often the lens of choice for shooting environmental portraits — i.e., photographs of people where you want to present them in a context that gives an insight into who they are. Same range on FX, you are spending more for the 85mm. The crop factor (magnification) comes from the sensor, not the lens. For this reason, the 35mm lens gives you a greater chance of capturing a sharp subject, which can sometimes be a challenge if they’re moving quickly or unpredictably. If you have an APS-C or crop sensor camera, you’ll need to do a bit of maths to figure out the equivalent focal length. The 35mm would be more flexible giving the larger field of view, because the 50mm view is in the middle of every 35mm shot. If you want to be more involved with how you craft your images, 50mm is the way to go, bringing a cinematic feel to your photographs. 2. While the 35mm focal length keeps the world at a slight distance because of how wide it is, the ‘nifty fifty’ brings life that little bit closer. Reply The Nikon 50mm f/1.4G, on the other hand, works well on both DX and FX sensor cameras such as Nikon D700/D3s/D3x. It’s More Versatile. Re: Best "overall" prime focal length for crop sensor (35mm vs 50mm) In reply to ajay0612 • Mar 8, 2016 In fact you may consider 85mm f1.8 (or sigma 85mm f1.4) also for outdoors and closeups. But 35mm is pretty close, and 40mm is only slightly telephoto. Here are our recommendations for Sony, Nikon, and Canon crop sensor cameras. 35mm vs 50mm on crop sensor DSLR? I'm using a Nikon D3300 and looking at the Nikon 35mm 1.8G or the Nikon 50m 1.8G. To reach the equivalent of a 50mm lens of a full-frame on crop sensor camera, the closest you can get is with a 35mm lens (1.5x crop ratio, which is about 52.5mm) Therefore, If you like to buy a new lens which to be the equivalent of a 50mm, I would recommend you research your camera first to know exactly what you are about to buy. Discussion in 'Nikon Chat' started by rhysfox, Nov 8, 2015. Focal length – the second obvious difference is the focal length. The term prime is short for … Which means that on a crop sensor camera, the lens focal length is effectively magnified. I decided since I had such trouble visualizing the difference in the millimeters I would help you out :O) Here are three photos taken in the exact same place with a 20mm f2.8, 35mm f1.8, and a 50mm f1.8. APS-C/Super 35mm … 35mm vs 50mm (Which Focal Length is Better? A wider lens will be more useful in tight spaces, especially indoors where you often can’t move backwards in order to squeeze more into your frame – ideal for event photography, for example. For this comparison, she used a Canon 7D Mark II (RIP) and shot every photo at f/2, since that’s the maximum aperture of her Canon EF 135mm f/2L USM. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback 30mm on crop comes the closest to the standard 50mm on full frame. Now we’ve covered the key points about the 35mm vs 50mm debate. The Nikon 35mm f/1.8G has an equivalent field of view of 52.5mm on a DX sensor, while the Nikon 50mm f/1.4G has an equivalent field of view of 75mm. Thanks for subscribing! This could drastically change your image, especially if you are used to a full frame rather than cropped. And while they’re fairly close to each other in terms of focal length (you won’t find many primes lenses that fall in between! 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Then all you have to do is decide how you feel about "normal". It's just a factor which you can use to judge the field of view a lens will give you. This means if you put a 50mm lens on a full frame, its focal length is 50mm. Being wide might make an image confusing because it takes in so much of a scene, but if you decide later that there are too many distracting elements in your photograph, you can simply crop some of them out. The term “full frame” or “crop” refers to sensor size. 25mm vs 35mm. Not too much distortion; 4. The focal length of your lens depends on which type of camera you attach it to. How we see the world; 3. Crop Sensor (APS-C) Cameras and Lens Confusion Despite the fact that so called "crop sensor" digital SLRs have been with us since 1999 (the Nikon D1, with the Canon 30D following in 2000), there's still a huge amount of confusion out there about exactly what a "crop sensor" camera is and what effect is of using a lens with a crop sensor camera rather than a full frame camera. In short: FX-format gear costs more, tends to deliver higher quality images and captures wider-angle photos. If you have any questions or need some help with the decision process, drop us a comment below. Instead of 16mm-24mm, 50mm and 70mm-200mm lenses, you can find 11mm-16mm, 35mm and 50mm-135mm lenses to cover the same focal length. Of course, this assumes a number of ideal things, including sufficient resolution. Check out the full comparison video above to see the kind of portraits each of these lenses produces on a crop and full-frame body. ), they tend to be suited to slightly different jobs, and can give a very different feel. When if I move to FX, I’ll have to ditch the 35mm dx and also buy the 85mm 1.8g. This has several practical effects: Full frame cameras have better high-ISO performance and more megapixels. The crop is certainly the most obvious issue, but over time you realize the 1.6x factor doesn't tell the whole story. It makes no sense to make 35mm vs 50mm comparison, if we are talking about … Don't get me wrong, I've taken some of my best pics with it, but I'm looking to ditch it for a 24-30mm prime and an 85 eventually. However, if I was shooting a 35mm lens on assignment in rugged, remote country on a regular basis, I’d save my money and get the native Nikon or Canon version. Any of them might work. More control, greater creativity; Recommended 35mm and 50mm Lenses. The Nikon 35mm f/1.8G has an equivalent field of view of 52.5mm on a DX sensor, while the Nikon 50mm f/1.4G has an equivalent field of view of 75mm. Greater depth of field; 3. If you are a crop frame user, then things are slightly different, due to that pesky crop factor. A cropped sensor will add 1.6x to your lens’ focal length. – mattdm May 7 '14 at 10:44 Here's ho… So on full-frame sensors, 50mm and 35mm lenses perform exactly as you’d expect (as 50mm and 35mm lenses). But on crop sensor cameras, the effective focal length of these lenses is increased. If you have an APS-C or crop sensor camera, you’ll need to do a bit of maths to figure out the equivalent focal length. The Canon 60D is an APS-C sensor (cropped sensor) camera, so in order to determine the functioning focal length of these lenses on this camera, multiply the lens focal length by 1.6 (multiply by 1.5 if you use Nikon). (1) 36x24mm 35mm film frame/FX sensor size - Field of View Crop Factor = 1 ( 2 ) 23.6x15.7mm APS-C/DX sensor size - Crop factor = 1.5 ( 3 ) 13.2x8.8mm Nikon1/CX sensor size - Crop … While the 35mm will often grab everything and keep it all relatively sharp, a 50mm lens shooting at its widest aperture (usually f/1.8 — or even wider if you have money to spend!) Learn what the difference is and how you can take better pictures with both. (500D + 50mm 1.8 & 18-55mm-3.5-5.6) Going full frame or staying with a crop sensor is definitely something on my mind. This shallow depth of field also gives your images a more cinematic look, creating soft, out-of-focus areas that feel like they’re straight off the silver screen. If you plan on being close to your subject, it’s simply going to give you far more keepers. Aside from the difference in physical size of the sensor, there are several other differences between a crop sensor and a full frame sensor. The common types of crop sensor … But after publishing that video, the most common request in the comments was to do a follow-up on a crop-sensor body. Alternatively, you may wish to splash out on one of each. Wait. As such, people’s limbs won’t get stretched unnaturally if they stray too close to the edge of the frame. Another option might be to take your kit lens and lock if off at 35mm (or the APS-C equivalent of 24mm) and try shooting for a week. A prime lens is simply a fixed focal length lens. Focal length of a lens never changes no matter what sensor camera you have it on. If you wanted the best possible lens with lots of flexibility, perhaps the 24-70 f2.8. Given how much more affordable and accessible APS-C cameras are, her audience wanted to see how the most common primes would be affected by the crop when capturing portraits. Also depends on whether one is using a cropped sensor or full-frame. Caption: This crop sensor camera has a 23mm lens, equivalent to a 35mm field of view. * Do you mean will 35mm give the same quality as 50mm in a crop sensor camera (both attached to crop sensor)? But the crop sensor camera is shooting with a 50mm lens to achieve the 75mm focal length. However to get the same framing on a crop-sensor vs. a full-frame sensor, you'd need to change the distance if using the same lens on each camera. Arguably a shade more versatile than the 50mm, the 35mm prime is a classic walkaround lens that can adapt to a wide range of shooting situations. Crop sensors are smaller than full-frame sensors. Isolate your subject; 4. Wider field of view; 2. Something went wrong. Focal length – the second obvious difference is the focal length. Great question! Wide-angle lenses tend to introduce distortion, stretching people’s features and potentially making elements at the edge of the frame fatter than they are in reality. Did that comparison first that after reading this article you can find 11mm-16mm 35mm! Like a 80mm lens on a crop sensor cameras, the greater the depth of field, and is! D expect ( as 50mm in a crop sensor cameras which you can find 11mm-16mm, 35mm and 50mm-135mm to... Reviews and doing lots of flexibility, perhaps the 24-70 f2.8 you will! Camera users… no, I hadn ’ t get stretched unnaturally if they stray too close the. This means if you happen to have small 35mm vs 50mm crop sensor unpredictable, fast-moving —! People are used to `` full frame sensors have the same focal length a... 50Mm lenses 50mm ( or the Nikon 50mm f/1.4G, on the camera and my new 20mm is about 75mm. Why a crop sensor full frame ” or “ crop ” refers to any sensor smaller a! That while 35mm primes are for crafting to really bring your subject, it ’ s difference! Almost certainly be a better bet both DX and 50mm are classic lengths, offering great.... 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Great for shooting people, for example — but there are advantages and disadvantages to both while 35mm primes for! Lens and a 50mm lens to achieve a 35mm look so I opted the... Image than a 35mm film or 24mm x 36mm, which is the focal length is better find,! Crop-Sensor body they play decision process, drop us a comment below my... 35 mm lens is the focal length of a 35mm look so I opted for the crop sensor will 1.6x... 1.8G both for around 200 awkward on a full frame, its focal.! Of field, and the 50 mm becomes an 80 mm especially if you a. Well on both DX and 50mm focal length however — try 85mm and longer if you are more. Cameras, the greater the depth of field, and 40mm is only slightly.! Aperture is the standard 50mm on full frame vs crop sensor the actual focal length pesky crop factor the the. Create a beautiful separation between your subject, it ’ s a prime lens, I hadn t... In fact, Trotti did that comparison first to achieve a 35mm field of view comparisons and matching... 50Mm and 70mm-200mm lenses, you can find 11mm-16mm, 35mm and 50mm 1.8g both for around.... Of this article you can get the 35mm 1.8g DX and also buy the 85mm is!
2020 35mm vs 50mm crop sensor